Glossary

MRI Spine

An MRI scan of the spine uses radio waves, a magnetic field, and a computer device. It uses contrast media (also known as agents or dyes) which are chemical substances that are used during the scan to create a clear image of the spine. The imaging of the spine using MRI is not harmful but it is advisable for patients with past history to contact doctors before the scan.

Thoracic Spine

Located in the center of the spine, the thoracic spine connects the cervical spine above with the lumbar spine below. The thoracic spine not only provides strength to hold the body upright but also protects the organs located in the chest.

Lumbar Spine

Lumbar spine is a group of five vertebral bodies between the pelvis and the ribs (L1-L5), located from the lower thoracic spine (chest) to the sacrum (bottom of the spine). The vertebral bodies are stacked on top of each other with a disc in between each one.

Cervical Spine

A cervical spine consists of seven vertebral bodies (C1-C7) that are found on the upper portion of the spine and are responsible for connecting the spine to our skull. These joints support the skull, protect the spinal cord, and allow us to move our heads freely.

Thoracolumbar spine

The thoracolumbar region is located between the stiff thoracic cage and the mobile lumbar spine. It is vulnerable to injury, including fracture and dislocation. Even though the long-term prognosis for these injuries is good, an early diagnosis and treatment are crucial.

X-ray spine

In an X-ray, radiation is used to produce images of bones and organs in the human body. A spinal X-ray provides detailed images of the bones of the spine and can be taken separately for each of the 3 major parts of the spine – cervical (neck), thoracic (mid-back), and lumbar (lower back).

Degenerative Spine disease

Over time, degenerative spine conditions cause the spine to gradually lose its normal structure and function. Age, tumors, infections, and arthritis may all contribute to their development. A slipped or herniated disc can put pressure on the spinal cord and nerve roots due to degeneration.

MVA

A motor vehicle accident (or, an MVA) could be the most tragic event in anyone’s life, both mentally and physically. The majority of people who experience an MVA recover within three to four weeks. However, lingering pain or recurring pain is not unusual after an MVA. Though many other symptoms can occur after an accident, Whiplash is a very common injury after an MVA.

Whiplash

Whiplash is an injury to your neck. It is caused by sudden bending of the neck. It could happen by sudden, fast movements of the neck, forcibly forward and then backward, or vice versa. This injury usually involves the muscles, discs, nerves, and weakens the neck.

Chest X rays

Chest radiography, also referred to as X-rays or chest films is a projection radiograph of the chest that can be used to diagnose diseases of the chest, the contents, and nearby structures. These are the most common medical imaging technique in medicine. 

Compression Fracture

The vertebrae in your spine are stacked on top of each other to make up your spine. A compression fracture occurs when your vertebrae are fractured, broken, or collapse. These are also known as Vertebral Compression Fractures (VCFs) 

Spondylolisthesis 

Spinal spondylolisthesis occurs when one of the vertebrae of your spine slides down onto the one below it. Usually, non-surgical treatments are successful in relieving symptoms.

Thecal sac

In the thecal sac or dural sac, the dura mater is composed of a membrane or tube encasing the spinal cord and cauda equina. The thecal sac contains cerebral spinal fluid, which nourishes and buoys the spinal cord.

Transitional Vertebrae 

There are congenital irregularities of the spine called lumbar-sacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV). Transitional vertebrae can be classified as either Lumbarization or Sacralization. Sacralization of occurs when elongated transverse processes of the last lumbar vertebra fuse with the “first” sacral segment. Lumbarization, though less common, occurs when there is squaring of the first sacral vertebra. Facet joints and intervertebral disk may also be visible at the S1-S2 level.

Spinal Stenosis

As a result of aging, spinal stenosis occurs due to narrowing of the spinal canal, which in turn puts pressure on the spinal cord and nerves within the spinal column. It most commonly affects the neck (mid-cervical levels) and lower back (lower lumbar region).

Lumbosacral spine x-ray

Lumbosacral spine x-rays show the vertebrae in the lower part of your spine, including the lumbar region and your sacrum, which connects your spine to your pelvis. This is the spine and the sacrum with the cervical (neck), thoracic (mid-back), and lumbar (lower back) vertebra.

Sciatica 

A sciatica condition is characterized by pain radiating along the sciatic nerve, which runs along your lower back, through your hips and buttocks, and down your legs. Sciatica is common on one side of the body.

Mastoid 

The mastoid is located just behind the ear. Inflammation of the bony air cells of the mastoid bone, located just behind the ear, causes mastoiditis. It is a rare condition and usually, antibiotics are used to treat it.

Arthritis 

Arthritis is inflammation and pain in joints that typically worsens with aging. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most common types of arthritis.

Coccyx

A coccyx is a triangular bone located at the base of the spinal column. This bone is formed from fused vestiges of the original vertebrae.

Arachnoiditis 

Arachnoiditis is a painful condition that is caused by inflammation of the arachnoid, one of the membranes that surround and protect the nerves of the spinal cord. It causes stinging and burning pain, as well as neurological problems.

Bone age

It is a safe and painless procedure that uses only a small amount of radiation to find out how mature a child’s skeletal system is. Doctors typically conduct a bone age study by taking one X-ray of the left wrist, hand, and fingers.

Cervical radiculopathy

Cervical radiculopathy occurs when a nerve root is damaged or inflamed in the cervical region, causing a change in neurological function. Symptoms of neurological deficits, such as numbness, altered reflexes, or weakness, may hit any part of the body from the neck to the shoulder, hand, or fingers.

Cervicogenic headache

In most cases, cervicogenic headache starts with a low-intensity pain in the neck that radiates upward along the back of the head, almost always one-sided. Pain may also spread to the forehead, temples, and area around the eyes and/or ears.

Contact Us

Give us a call or fill in the form below and we will contact you. We endeavor to answer all inquiries within 24 hours on business days.